by Deborah Hensel

Daily Cougar Staff

Between 1990 and 1991, UH experienced a 10 percent increase in crimes reported to UHPD, according to the Uniform Crime Report released by the FBI this month.

Ranking colleges and universities by total reported crimes, the UCR lists UH fourth in the state and 63rd nationally for 1991, behind U.S. universities with significantly smaller enrollments.

Universities nationwide were required to submit crime statistics to the FBI by Sept. 1 to comply with the Crime Awareness and Campus Security Act of 1990. The act is designed to ensure that students have access to information about crime on their campuses. Before the 1991 act took effect, reporting of such statistics was voluntary.

For example, during the 1991 school year, the University of Illinois at Chicago showed more than twice as many reported crimes as UH, but with an enrollment of 16,000, half of UH's estimated student body size of 32,000.

The University of California at Berkeley, with a comparable enrollment of 32,000, was listed fourth in the nation with 1,796 reported incidents, almost three times as many as UH's 661.

Berkeley reported 25 cases of aggravated assault in 1991, five times as many as UH in the same period.

Prairie View A&M led the state of Texas in aggravated assaults with 27 assaults occurring on a campus of only 5,000 students. TSU ranked second in the state with 14 aggravated assaults in relation to a student body size of roughly 10,000.

Prairie View was also the only school in the state with a reported murder, but did not appear on the national list, which only shows campuses with 500 or more crimes.

Four schools in the country meeting that criteria reported murders: Purdue University, University of California at Berkeley, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Kent State University.

The University of Texas, No. 1 in the state with 1,081 reported crimes, listed eight aggravated assaults for an enrollment in excess of 50,000. Nationally, UT ranked 17 in the UCR total crime index, the only Texas university in the top 20.

With nine reported rapes each, the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor and Michigan State University led the nation's colleges in that crime category. For overall crime, the two schools also ranked first and third in the nation, respectively.

Michigan State also reported 38 aggravated assaults, second only to the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, which reported 44.

Texas A&M, No. 2 in the state for overall crime, reported three rapes on campus, sharing the top rank in that category with the University of North Texas at Denton.

One of these incidents, said Bob Wiatt, director of A&M's Security and Police Department, was an attempted rape by an acquaintance of the victim.

Of the four rapes on A&M's campus in the previous year -- again the highest number in the state for that year -- three were date rapes, Wiatt said.

UH cited one rape in 1991 and none in 1990.

Incidents of arson, a category that the UCR does not include in the crime index totals because of reporting disparities, also ranked high at the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor.

Twenty-four cases were reported there in 1991, followed by 19 at UC-Berkeley and 15 at the University of Wisconsin at Madison.

Southwest Texas State University at San Marcos was listed as having 11 cases of arson, the highest number in the state in 1991.

The University of California at Los Angeles leads the nation in campus auto thefts, with 177 cars reported stolen in 1991. In Texas, Alamo Community College ranked first in car thefts with 63, and UH was second with 52, down from 64 in 1990.

More campus burglaries occurred at UCLA also, with 587 reported incidents. Texas Tech leads this state with 127 for the same period.

In almost all universities listed, thefts constituted the majority of crimes. At UH, 571 thefts made up 86 percent of 616 total crimes on campus, up from 515 thefts in 1990.




by Shannon Najar

News Reporter

Fighting back tears, UH student Carol Alvarado told how a routine trip to the bathroom almost resulted in her getting sexually assaulted.

"I didn't hear him come in. He just kicked open the door to the stall and tried to attack me," Alvarado said.

Alvarado was one of the speakers at a forum on Violence against Women held Wednesday by the Mexican American Studies program. The forum discussed ways women can realize they are in abusive situations and methods to prevent sexual assault.

One thing that may prevent sexual assault is awareness. "Be aware of your surroundings to ensure your safety," said Martha Gonzales, a UH police officer.

Dora Alejandro, outreach coordinator for the Woman's Area Center said, "Women should always keep their guard up. Don't assume that anywhere is safe. Sixty percent of rapes occur where women feel safe."

The incident involving Alvarado occurred this summer on the third floor of Agnes Arnold Hall, where the Mexican-American Studies program is located.

"The Mexican-American program was a home away from home for me, where I was used to feeling safe, which made it hurt even worse," Alvarado said.

"One out of every four women has been sexually assaulted," she said. "One out of every two women will have been in an abusive situation, whether physical or emotional, in their lifetime."

The forum also discussed about the growing problem of domestic violence. There are documented steps leading to violent behavior in relationships, which may help women realize they are in a potentially abusive situation.

These steps, called the cycle of violence, consist of three stages: the jealousy stage, the beating stage and the honeymoon stage, said Alejandro.

The jealousy stage consists of obsessive behavior, with the man wanting total power and control of his partner. The beating stage may start with a few pushes and slaps, eventually resulting in full-fledged beatings.

"It's in this stage that a woman usually feels like nothing she could do would please her partner," said Alejandro.

In the honeymoon stage, the partner tries to make up for the beating. "The situation is considered battering when this cycle has been repeated at least twice," she said.

Some preventive measures for deterring a sexual assault include parking in lighted areas, or as close to a light as possible, having your keys ready when you walk out to your car, and looking in and under your car before you get into it.

UHPD has an escort service available to walk students to their car, and emergency call-boxes are located in almost every parking lot, said Gonzales.




by John Varriale

News Reporter

Media bias headlined Ted Koppel's agenda Wednesday night on his special <I>Nightline<P> edition at Rice University, where a guest panel and a cross-section of Americans voiced their concerns about it.

However, many people who posed questions to the panel represented special-interest groups, not the public.

"I would much rather do these programs without having the people from AIM (Accuracy in the Media) and the people from FAIRE (Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting) on the broadcast. I don't think they represent anyone but themselves," Koppel said, "but every time we try and make that point, we are accused of trying to muzzle our critics."

This special edition of <I>Nightline<P> was titled "Politics & The Media: Distorting or Reporting." The panel consisted of 14 media experts, including talk show hosts Phil Donahue via New York and Larry King from Washington, D.C. Other panelists included President George Bush's senior advisor Charles Black, Governor Bill Clinton's representative Mandy Grunwald, columnist Molly Ivins and Ross Perot's former spokesman Jim Squires.

Seats near the microphones were reserved for a handful of the 700 guests who attended the program. The seats gave selected guests a better chance to ask a question.

"Normally, we try to control by having our producers out there pre-interview everyone who comes to the microphone so that we can get a balance of questions," Koppel said to a small crowd after the show. "I was the one who today said I don't want to do that. This is the night when whoever gets to the microphone is going to be able to ask whatever they want to ask."

<I>Nightline<P> came to Houston so people of different political philosophies would have a chance to speak, and the program was going to emphasize the conservative side because, by and large, the media is usually accused of being too liberal, he said.

At one point, Koppel asked the audience to applaud if they felt the media favored the Clinton campaign over Bush's. The audience clapped and whistled for an extended period of time. Koppel then told the crowd they didn't have to be so enthusiastic.

William Simon, professor of sociology at UH, said he felt the media could do a better job reporting the news in an unbiased way. "It (the media) masks the important by focusing your attention on the trivial."

When asked if he felt the audience members who made it to the microphone were representative of the public, he said, "You've got to be kidding. They went through all of the standard special-interest groups reciting all their cliches."




Round-the-Clock reading

CARLISLE, Pa. (CPS) - A 24-hour reading will be held at Dickinson College as part of a national fund-raising event to combat hunger and homelessness.

Share Our Strength, a non-profit agency in Washington, D.C., is coordinating the national event, in which nearly 200 writers will participate in the "National Reading: Writers Harvest for the Homeless" on Sept. 22, the first day of fall. Dickinson is one of 60 sites where readings will take place.

While most readings at other sites in the U.S. may last an hour or two, Dickinson has planned the only 24-hour reading, said Robert Olmstead, the college's senior writer-in-residence. About 40 established and aspiring writers will participate in the Dickinson event.

Wage Raid set in motion

AUSTIN, Texas (CPS) -- College and university students in Texas who defaulted on federal loans could have part of their wages seized as the Texas Guaranteed Student Loan Corp. tries to get back some of the $900 million in unpaid loans.

A person is in default if the federal government guaranteed the loan, and no payments have been made within six months of the payment deadline.

If defaulters don't adhere to a repayment plan, employers will be contacted to withhold 10 percent of the net pay.

Scientists find Spanish colony

GAINESVILLE, Fla. (CPS) -- University of Florida archaeologists say they have found evidence that the first European settlement in the U.S. was most likely in southeastern Georgia.

Archaeologist Rebecca Saunders and a team of researchers, including David Hurst Thomas of the American Museum of Natural History, believe they have located the Spanish colony of San Miguel de Gualdape, which was founded in 1526 and abandoned less than 30 days.

Researchers have speculated for years that the Spanish could have settled anywhere along the Georgia or South Carolina low country along the Atlantic coast, but recently, Sapelo Sound, Ga., has been considered a likely spot.

St Augustine, Fla., has been regarded as the first Spanish settlement in the United States.

Suspected killer's trial set

GAINESVILLE, Fla. (CPS) -- Danny Rolling, who has been charged with murdering five college students, will go on trial Sept. 1, 1993, a judge ruled.

Four University of Florida students and one Santa Fe Community College student were found slain in campus-area apartments in August 1990.

Rolling, who is serving five life terms for robbery and burglary convictions, is charged with five counts of first-degree murder, three counts of sexual battery and three counts of armed burglary.

Oldest tech college to close

PHILADELPHIA (CPS) -- The oldest independent school of technology in the United States, faced with financial problems and declining enrollment, will not open this fall, college officials announced.

The trustees of Spring Garden College said they decided to cancel classes "after extensive but unsuccessful efforts to resecure the long-term viability of the institution."

Officials report that the college only had 250 full-time and 275 part-time students enrolled for the coming fall term. In 1981, the college had 797 full-time students and 548 part-time students.

The college, which offered degrees in computer technologies, architecture and interior design among others, was founded in 1851 and is a Philadelphia landmark.




by L. Evan Krause

Daily Cougar Staff

Jazz is a truly American art form.

Slaves from the South combined West African rhythms with European harmonies to fashion a unique genre of music.

Noe Marmolejo, director of jazz studies at UH, is attempting to pass on this legacy of music through the UH jazz program.

"Education is an important aspect of jazz. We are trying to reach as many people as possible through concerts, clinics and multimedia presentations. Houstonians need to understand the significance of this form of music," he states.

The UH jazz program consists of two large ensembles: the Jazz Orchestra and Jazz Ensemble, as well as numerous small groups.

"I am really excited about the performing level of these groups. We have recruited many of the top professional musicians in Houston," Marmalejo said.

Band members Marc Holter, alto sax; Warren Sneed, tenor sax; and Erin Wright, bass, are successful Houston musicians. They possess a wide range of recording and education experience.

"Many of our musicians are actually writing tunes and arranging for the band," Marmolejo said.

Both bands perform a variety of styles and composers. Straight-ahead jazz, Latin and funk will be represented.

Another facet of the UH jazz program is the jazz history class. The course will soon be available for Cultural Heritage credit. All styles are covered through listening to records, watching videos and lectures.

"The class gives any student the opportunity to learn about jazz," Marmolejo said. Jazz History is offered only in the Spring.

Marmolejo is breaking new ground in jazz education with a unique multi-media project. This presentation gives an in-depth history of jazz with the aid of slides, narration and a live band. Marmalejo wrote the narration. He worked with several local musicians to formulate the rest.

"I am presently speaking with the Texas Accountants and Lawyers for the Arts and Young Audiences for funding. We would like to take this program to schools of all levels throughout Houston," Marmolejo states.

On September 12, UH hosted an All-State Competition Jazz Ensemble Clinic. High schools from the Houston area participated. Members of the UH Jazz Orchestra helped the students learn All-State music. Also, discussions covered topics such as improvisation and audition techniques.

Concerts scheduled for the Fall semester are Wednesday, Oct. 14, and Wednesday, Dec. 2.

"For the December concert we are bringing alto sax player Jimmy Ford," Marmolejo states. Ford is a jazz legend in his own right. During the forties he performed with such jazz greats as Tadd Dameron and Fats Navarro.

"Next semester we are trying to bring Charlie Hayden," Marmolejo says. Hayden is famous for playing in Ornette Coleman's avant-garde quartet in the early sixties. Recently he has recorded with his own group, The Liberation Orchestra.

Concerts will be in Cullen Auditorium. Tickets cost $5, $3 for students. The performances are an economical way to enjoy a night of American culture.

For information concerning concerts, clinics or the jazz history class call Noe Marmolejo at 743-3191, or the music office at 743-3168.




By Deborah Hensel

Daily Cougar Staff

The screening of <I>Hellraiser III: Hell on Earth<P> is a standing-room-only crowd. The demographics, however, are definitely skewed. It's a young crowd, a Friday night date crowd, a gore-hungry, headbanger crowd on a full moon night.

Five minutes into the movie, they get what they came for in a chain-rattling, electrifying, exploding head scene.

Theater owners, who make their real money from concessions, must feel equally torn when they book these spatter movies. People seem less inclined to down cheese nachos or chili dogs after viewing the carnage.

This aversion to mixing food and fun flicks is ironic, because there aren't many goo and gore effects in <I>Hellraiser III<P> that can't be recreated in the kitchen with a pound of hamburger and colored corn syrup.

Aside from the gore, most of the audience has come to see if <I>Hellraiser III<P> director, Anthony Hickox and screenwriter Peter Atkins have left a shred of the body of Clive Barker's original Hellraiser in this twice-removed sequel.

Unfortunately, there is precious little left of the original mythology except for Pinhead, the S & M tailor from Hell and the Pandora's puzzlebox that summons him.

As executive producer, Barker maintained creative control in exchange for the use of his name.

Presumably, his finger was on the button for this roller-coaster ride through death, dreams and dismemberment, but not enough to stamp it with the elan and dark erotica of the first film.

<I>Hellraiser III<P> is the story of Joey Summerskill (Terry Farrell), a neophyte television reporter who gets hooked into the "Big Story" by being in the hospital emergency room at the right time.

Like Kirsty Cotton in <I>Hellraiser I<P>, Joey is Daddy's little girl, but Joey's daddy was killed in Vietnam before she was born. That doesn't stop her from searching for him in her dreams, tripping through the body-littered battlefields in her virginal white gown.

Instead of daddy, she meets Capt. Elliot Spencer, who is also very much dead.

"What in hell is going on here?" she asks. A logical question.

"Hell is exactly what's going on here, Joey, and we have to stop it," he answers.

Spencer should know -- he's Pinhead's alter-ego.

In this dual role, actor Doug Bradley finally gets a break from wearing the Pinhead prosthetic he's endured through three incarnations as the chief Cenobite.

Special effects wizard Bob Keen shortened the application time from five hours to three with a newly-designed mask. Unfortunately, in <I>Hellraiser III<P>, Bradley now finds himself encased in a piece of sculpture. Talk about Hell!

The sculpture is owned by J.P. As played by Kevin Bernhardt, J.P. is a leather-clad Lothario with a taste for bimbos, bondage and funky artwork.

J.P also owns and manages the Boiler Room, a trendy club where Pinhead is finally unleashed for some creative blood-letting. No one gets out of here alive!

Look for Atkins, who wrote <I>Hellraiser II<P>, as both Rick the bartender and an incendiary Cenobite in the final scenes.

Bradley, who worked with Barker and Atkins in their early days in London's fringe theater, holds the only charisma of <I>Hellraiser III<P>. The best lines in the film are his, in scenes that have a decidedly Barkeresque touch.

If you're looking for blood and a high body count, <I>Hellraiser III<P> will pin you to your seat and introduce you to some new techno-cenobites as well.

But if you're hungry for some of the high-quality horror that defined the original, be warned. Oh, what a tangled plot they weave when filmmakers try to make you believe the third time is a charm.

And <I>Hellraiser IV<P>? Yes, they've even laid the foundation on which to build another House of Pain.





by Jason Luther

Daily Cougar Staff

Last season the Cougars entered their second game, riding a 73-3 win over Louisiana Tech and looking to challenge Miami for a shot at a national title.

This year, however, Houston is simply hoping to bounce back from a opening-game loss to Tulsa as it faces 25th-ranked Illinois in its home opener in the Astrodome Saturday.

First-year Illinois Coach Lou Tepper will try to resume where last year's contest between Illinois and Houston left off.

That was a 51-10 Illini rout of the Cougars in Champaign in what was only Houston's second-ever match-up against a Big 10 opponent.

But Cougar Coach John Jenkins, who is never one to back down from a challenge, is looking forward to a chance at avenging last season's loss.

"I've had my butt whipped about as hard as it can be whipped and every which way it can be whipped. That's part of football," Jenkins said.

"But these are two different teams with two different chemistries."

However, Houston will once again have its hands full as it faces an Illini team that will show a variety of offensive looks.

This year's Illinois offense utilizes a more balanced attack than the offense of the Mackovick era. One of Tepper's top priorities when he took over was to strengthen the running game.

So far, he has been successful -- Illinois (2-0) has averaged 199.5 yards rushing in its first two games and 203 yards per game in the air.

The solid running of senior tailback Steve Feagin and senior fullback Darren Boyer has opened up the passing game for senior quarterback Jason Verduzco, who has four touchdown passes in the Illini's wins over Northern Illinois and Missouri.

But Jenkins is most concerned about the task of penetrating the Illini line -- a line which consists of three players weighing over 300 pounds.

"The offensive line is like the size of some of those animals that Jackie Sherrill has been dealing with," Jenkins said referring to the steer the Mississippi State coach had castrated at a recent MSU practice.

"Of course we think we can match them size for size," he said.

Houston will attempt to counter Illinois' offense with a defense that is still not completely grounded.

Two starters were ousted in the Cougar defense after the defeat at Tulsa. Cornerback Steve Harris will start at left corner over John Brown and linebacker Nigel Ventress will get the nod at the weakside over Tyler Mucho.

The change in the secondary adds more questions to an already shaky Cougar defensive backfield. Jenkins has already converted a freshman receiver, Thomas McGaughey, to free safety after losing all three of his free safeties on the pre-season depth-chart to academic ineligibility.

On offense, Jenkins will attempt to kick his Run-and-Shoot offense into high gear.

The Cougar offense showed promise against Tulsa, but faltered on three late possessions in which Houston had a chance to win.

In that game, it had appeared that sophomore quarterback Jimmy Klingler had won the starting job over junior Donald Douglas.

But Jenkins said that although Klingler will probably start, he will maintain the two-quarterback rotation, leaving the hottest hand in the game.

"Ideally, both guys could be hot and play an equal amount of time," Jenkins said. "If not, a guy who's got good rhythym will stay in."




by Keith Rollins

Daily Cougar Staff

Jimmy Klingler will be the probable starter tomorrow against Illinois, Head Coach John Jenkins confirmed.

He reiterated that the decision is based solely on the performance of Klingler in the Cougar's first game against Tulsa in which he passed for 327 yards, completing 30 of 51 passes for two touchdowns.

He also said that Donald Douglas will get equal playing time and the one with the hotter hand will finish the game.

Douglas was pulled early in the Tulsa game and is ready to prove himself this week. In the first three series, he completed 5 of 8 passes for 78 yards.

He was called for grounding in his own end zone, resulting in a safety for Tulsa. Jenkins put Klingler in, he got hot and stayed for the rest of the game.

"I just need to get in there and show what I can do," Douglas said. "I'm gonna turn it up on Illinois."

Both quarterbacks have been doing extremely well in scrimmages, hitting a high percentage of completions.




by Heather Ellis

Daily Cougar

Looking to adjust the win column in their favor this weekend, the Lady Cougars Volleyball team heads to Minneapolis to compete in the Minnesota Classic.

Houston will face North Carolina, Minnesota, and Southwest Missouri State.

Head Volleyball Coach Bill Walton feels confident about his team's chances in the tournament.

"We should win every match of this tournament. North Carolina and Minnesota will be the toughest teams to beat."

The Golden Gophers boast an impressive 7-1 record. Their only loss has come at the hands of Florida State, and Minnesota pushed the Seminoles to a five-game match before losing in the final game.

Eleven years have passed since the Cougars and Gophers last played each other. Minnesota leads the series 2-1.

North Carolina has also been playing well, posting a 5-1 season. Houston has only played the Tar Heels twice, winning both mathces. The last time Houston met was 1988. Southwest Missouri State rounds out the competition at the tournament. They are 5-2 on the season. Last encountering the Lady Cougars in 1983, SMSU barely edged by Houston and has a 5-4 overall record.

The tournament is designed so that the two best teams play in the final matches at the end of the weekend. This will pit Houston against Minnesota late Saturday.

"They (Minnesota) are saving the undefeated teams until the end." Coach Walton said.

In spite of an injured shoulder, Janelle Harmonson is leading the way for the Lady Cougars. She leads the team with 44 digs and a .288 hitting percentage.

"Jan has surprised me by playing this good, even though she is hurt," Coach Walton said. "She is playing with an enthusiasm and a spirit that a leader should display. I hope this is a minor injury. I would like for her to have a good year."

The 1-4 Lady Coogs picked up a win against Lamar University at the Houston Invitational, held on September 11 and 12 at Hofheinz Pavilion.

After a hard-fought contest against Arizona University, currently ranked 22nd in the nation, Houston dropped the first two games of the match. They bounced back to challenge Arizona to a fifth game, but the Lady Cougars were defeated 15-10 in the final game.





What do ya think? Is their any possibility at all to have a full dome of Cougar-crazy fans at the home opener against Illinois?

A true believer of the UH fan bureau would have to say "not."

I will be there. Not because of my responsibilities to the paper, but because it is one of the greatest, and cheapest, sporting events in town.

I know a free admission is a lot to save up for, but come on. Put down that basketweaving manual and join the crowd at the Dome. See ya, Go Coogs!

By the way, when Houston meets Michigan at Ann Arbor next week, there will be in excess of 100,000 screaming Wolverine fans in attendance. Only the 103rd straight time they have done that.




by Keith Rollins

Daily Cougar

Although he stands only 5 feet 9 inches, Illinois quarterback Jason Verduzco plays head and shoulders above most at his position.

He will lead the 25th-ranked Fightin' Illini against UH Saturday at the Dome. Interest in the game is heightened by fact that Verduzco's name is on most Heisman candidates list.

Last year, Verduzco picked apart the Cougar's secondary whipping, UH 51-10 in Champaign under a pro-style passing attack engineered by John Mackovic. He was quoted after the contest saying that it was his best game ever.

With Mackovic now departed to Texas, Verduzco is using the new offensive scheme employed by Head Coach Lou Tepper.

Although it takes away from his offensive statistics, reducing his passing attempts by 10 percent, Verduzco is still a threat to secondaries across the nation, and he works hard to continue Illinois' success.

"He is the type of guy who will take tapes home and self-teach himself more than any other player," Tepper said.

He has already proven his versatility in the new offense by gaining exemplary passing marks against Northern Illinois and Missouri.

He has amassed 383 yards passing, a 191.5 yard average per game, completing 43 of 67 attempts.

With two wins under his belt this year, Verduzco's confidence is high coming into Houston and Tepper's respect for the senior quarterback is even more.

"If we had to have the same quarterback for the next 20 years, and Verduzco was our man, I would be elated, " Tepper said.

Cougar Head Coach John Jenkins compared the somewhat small QB to Doug Flutie, who Jenkins coached in the United States Football League with the New Jersey Generals.

Flutie led Boston College to numerous wins before going to the USFL and later, the Chicago Bears in the NFL, despite standing only five foot, eight inches.

"The athletic ability and size and what I see of Jason on films, reminds me of Doug's old films years back," Jenkins said.

In a roundabout way, however, Flutie's ineffectiveness in the NFL, which many insiders claim because of his height, may hamper Verduzco's chances of making the professional ranks.

"Jason has been pretty realistic about his chances in the NFL. Short quarterbacks are usually ignored come draft day. He will probably go to Canada," Kent Brown, Illinois Football Information Director, said.

Brigham Young's Ty Detmer is proof of that. The short '90 Heisman Trophy winner wasn't even drafted despite his superior passing abilities. Today, Detmer is out of football.

The Cougar's coverage will have to be tough, and Verduzco has stated that he knows revenge will be on their minds after last season's beating.

Another weary fact that the Cougar braintrust must contend with is Verduzco's success in games televised by ABC-TV. The network awarded him Player of the Game honors five times in his career.

It seems like the little Illini QB gets up for the big games.




by Jeff Balke

Daily Cougar Staff

In an important election year, Latino political involvement is more essential than ever to candidates.

Sociology professor, Dr. Nestor Rodriguez, in further celebration of Chicano Week '92, spoke on the political involvement (or lack thereof) of Latinos in Magnolia, a large barrio, in Houston.

Rodriguez has done extensive research on the Latino community since he began working at UH in 1984. "Since 1984, all of my research has been on the west side of the city with mostly people of Central American descent.

"I'm Mexican-American, so this time," I said, "Let's focus on an old barrio, one of the hearts of the Mexican-American population in Houston,' " Rodriguez said.

The research was done in conjunction with several other universities around the country, including the University of Texas at Austin. The project was designed to overcome weaknesses in previous studies, according to Louise De Sipio, a graduate student from UT.

The project was conducted three months before the 1990 elections because it was an important election due to the governor's race and local state representative races. It was also the last election before redistricting.

Rodriguez said, "We wanted to talk to the common people, not those who are in the newspaper, whether it be the front page or the back page."

After several weeks, Rodriguez found very little evidence of political mobilization. Almost no candidates even campaigned in the area. Some didn't even know Magnolia existed. Those candidates who did, depended on the media to campaign for them.

Some businesses and churches in the area had helped in the past to help mobilize what little political activity was there, Rodriguez said. Also, the Metropolitan Organization has helped in registering people to vote.

As could be expected, only about 25 percent of the registered voters in Magnolia turned out for the 1990 elections. Low voter turnout was blamed on a lack of faith in the system, according to Rodriguez.

Regardless of the low turn- out, mostly Democrats constitute Magnolia, Rodriguez said. "There isn't any chance for a Republican to win in Magnolia."

Magnolia was the second barrio to be incorporated into Houston in 1926 and has grown from a small colony into one of the largest barrios in the Southwest.




by Tom Anderson

News Reporter



How important is a resume?

"It's one of the most critical steps in the job search process," said Sheryl Dawson of Dawson and Dawson Management Consultants. She addressed a group of job-hungry students Thursday in the College of Business Administration as part of the Industry Cluster Network (ICN) program established this fall.

An outgrowth of the College's mentor program, the ICN is open to students of all majors.

"I don't care if you're an engineering or music major, all students are invited to the program," said Tim Roseborough, director of External Relations and program founder. "Anytime a student can learn or benefit from something shared by the corporate community, it is to their benefit. That's why you come to college."

"Your resume and interview are important, but they're not the only steps to getting a job," Dawson said. She said students need to master a concept called linkage, or getting all the steps in the job-search process to work together. Specifically, when going for an interview, students should refer continuously to their resume, Dawson added.

"You can have a good interview and a good resume and still be unsuccessful," Dawson said. "It's a tough job market, and you can be looking for a long time or settling for a job that's not what you want. We want you to get the best job with the best company for the best pay."

"People have different opinions on resumes," said Virginia Benfield, human resources manager for Texaco and co-presenter at ICN. Students should shop around for the resume that most closely fits their own vision of themselves.

The biggest mistakes students make when interviewing are speaking negatively about previous job situations and not doing research before going to the interview. Students need to know everything about a business before the interview. This is especially important if the interviewer brings up the question of salary.

"If you do your research, you will know what the salary range is in the position you're applying for," Dawson said. In government positions, the salary range is fixed, but in small companies, there is a wide range of salaries, so negotiating is more likely to be accepted, Dawson added.

The ICN meets the third Thursday of each month from 2:30 p.m. - 4 p.m. Most of the programs will be very informal, said Roseborough. He hopes presenters will give a short presentation followed by a long question and answer period that will be friendly and inviting.

Future presenters at the ICN seminars will include John King, attorney, who will speak on networking; local businesspersons Heida Thurlow, Donald Campbell and Lewis Ketchum who will speak on small business hiring practices, and former Mayor Kathryn Whitmire and United Way President Dr. Judith Cravan, who will speak on non-profit careers.



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