by Frank San Miguel

Daily Cougar Staff

Say what you will about Kurt Cobain, but his presence cannot be ignored.

By today, reams will have already been written about the troubled lead singer of Nirvana and his apparent suicide. Even more will be written by erstwhile college columnists attempting to inflate his importance and assert his influence.

Police state that his suicide by gunshot likely happened Thursday. His wife, Hole's Courtney Love, was out of town with the couple's daughter when the incident occurred.

Cobain was recovering from a drug-induced coma that happened earlier this year, an incident that forced the band to cancel its European tour and put tensions within the Seattle group at a high. Just the day before, Nirvana rejected an offer to headline this summer's Lollapalooza tour with Smashing Pumpkins and the Beastie Boys.

Cobain has had his troubles. The success of his band has been a blessing and a curse. Nirvana's multiplatinum major debut, <I>Nevermind<P>, and the single "Smells Like Teen Spirit" made grunge the trend and Nirvana its apostle – both of which Cobain claimed to despise.

Nirvana's marketability gave Cobain, a bisexual, a platform to speak to youth on gay rights and slam idiotic attitudes. He went several rounds with Guns 'n' Roses' Axl Rose after Nirvana rejected a tour with G 'n' R and Cobain decried Rose's racism. Despite the problems, Nirvana went on to make two more successful albums, <I>Incesticide<P> and <I>In Utero<P>. Less than two months ago, a 7-incher featuring Cobain and literary icon William S. Burroughs hit stores.

In life, Cobain tended to play up his tortured-soul persona. In death, he will likely be immortalized for it, maybe even taking the form of "rebel without a cause." And you can bet there'll be shirts for the funeral, too.






Professor says problems 'tip of the iceberg'

by Tiffany Vaughner

Daily Cougar Staff

Noted lecturer, author and Professor Harry Edwards told UH students and faculty that the problems of the black athlete are only "the tip of the iceberg" and are symptoms of the problems of contemporary society.

Edwards, a professor of sociology at the University of California, Berkeley, was the keynote speaker for UH's African American Studies Symposium.

In his lecture, titled, "African American Studies and the Challenge of Black Athletic Development," Edwards gave a short summary of what that challenge and that responsibility is in respect to AAS programs.

"The challenge is the very survival of a viable black athletic institution at the community level, which is the foundation of black involvement throughout the structure of American society in athletics, and the responsibility, as it is now emerging in African American Studies, is to define that reality, project a new vision, relative to black involvement in sport, and begin to turn out the practitioners, the people who will make that vision a reality," Edwards said.

He said he believed Americans were looking at the end of the "golden age" of the black athlete. Edwards estimated this golden age to last 50 years, from Jackie Robinson's entrance into the major leagues in 1946 to 1996, when the black community will lose its ability to generate black athletic talent able to sustain themselves in the modern world of athletics.

Edwards said this is due to the black community's loss of its traditional social and cultural infrastructure, which, he said, made it possible for African Americans to survive the days of segregation. That infrastructure was taken away during integration and replaced with a white, European frame of reference, which could not sustain African Americans.

He also cited cutbacks in academia, lack of recruitment of black researchers on university campuses and a lack of interest in development of "black, athletic investigation" in AAS departments as problems.

"There's an old saying that there's three types of people in the world: those who make things happen, those who watch things happen and those who wonder what happened. I think we're very much down the road in athletics, with the exception of a few isolated individuals, toward that point of wondering what happened relative to the black athlete and black athletic involvement in mainstream sports in this country," Edwards said.

He said, on the surface it might seem that the position of the black athlete has changed and expanded over the years, adding that this is just a symptom of the developments of the past.

He said it was because of the integration of blacks into major league sports that African Americans as a whole began to suffer, adding that when white scouts would go to a game in the Negro baseball leagues, they would pick out the very best players like Robinson, Cool Pappa Bell and others to join the white teams. As a direct consequence, the Negro leagues died out.

Edwards closed by saying that the condition of the black athlete could be viewed as "the canary in the mine shaft." He said white America should realize that if the black athlete does not succeed, America cannot truly succeed either.





by Tiffany Vaughner

Daily Cougar Staff

Students and faculty got a chance to meet a part of America's forgotten history during the African American Studies Symposium.

Three of the last surviving members of the 9th and 10th U.S. Calvary divisions, called "Buffalo Soldiers," answered questions and reminisced on what it meant to be a Buffalo Soldier in the days after the Civil War and before racial integration in the military.

The name <I>Buffalo Soldier<P> was not a derogatory term, but a title of respect given to the soldiers by the Cheyenne and Sioux Indians. The buffalo was a sacred animal to the Indians and the soldiers' coarse, curly hair and dark skin reminded them of that animal. The name became a source of pride for the soldiers and was made part of their insignia in 1890.

The 9th and 10th Cavalry divisions are the most decorated regiments in Army history, having won 23 Congressional Medals of Honor before being disbanded in 1953.

Before the soldiers shared their memories of their time in the Army, there was a dramatic presentation of what military life was like for black soldiers on the frontier. The presentation, told in the first person, described how the men were given spoiled rations and cheated out of military pay, yet were still expected to work twice as hard as their white counterparts, even in the harshest of conditions.

The presentation also told of their survival of cholera epidemics. (Medicine was given to the white solders first), encounters with the Indians, and their part in building the Kansas Pacific railroad.

James Madison, a former private in the 10th Cavalry, said the reason he traveled across the country talking to people about the Buffalo Soldiers is because he felt it was important to make sure people knew the regiments existed and knew what they accomplished. He said the history of the United States was not complete until the contributions of the Buffalo Soldiers are included in that history.

Author Garrett, a former private in the mounted division of the 10th, related an anecdote about his time in the Army. He said when his superiors found out he was a "country boy," they made it his job to break and train horses. Garrett said Indians would capture wild horses and bring them to him to finish breaking. He said there were three horses that were particularly wild and that no one but he could ride.

One day, a young lieutenant requested one of the horses to replace his, which had gone lame. Garrett said he told the lieutenant the horse would not let anyone else ride him, but the lieutenant insisted.

"That lieutenant was wearing one of those long coats that split up the back, and when he got on that horse, he didn't get more than three feet before that horse threw him. When he got up, that split in his coat went all the way up to his collar," Garrett said.

He said the lieutenant accused him of having done something to the horse and threatened to have him court-martialed. But a captain who had seen the whole thing reminded the lieutenant that Garrett had warned him before he got on the horse.

R. T. Williams, a member of the 9th Cavalry, said he started his Army career in 1939 because "the uniforms they wore at the time aroused my interest and we got paid $21 a month." He said that after six months, he knew he'd made a mistake. Williams said the work was steady, but hard, and the soldiers were not appreciated much, but that getting a chance to talk to young people, to be honored in this way, made up for all the negatives he experienced.

The Buffalo Soldiers' visit was sponsored by AAS and the Nicodemus Group, which is an African American history research and educational programs and materials development company that travels to schools across the country and gives presentations about the lives of the Buffalo Soldiers and other black pioneers.






by Tanya Eiserer

Daily Cougar Staff

"Great shows. Great Girls. Great food and great beer," Students' Association Senator Hunter Jackson said in summing up Frontier Fiesta.

With over 10,000 people entering through the gates of Fiesta City, Pat Brown, who was one of the main organizers of the event, said he considered Frontier Fiesta a great success. "Frontier Fiesta lived up to all of our expectations. We have a lot of hurdles to make this event the way it used to be, but I think we made one hell of a start," said Brown, who chairs the Activities Funding Board, a source of much of Frontier Fiesta's funding.

Frontier Fiesta originated back in the '40s. Many of the fraternities and sororities have retained the original names for their places, like the Golden Nugget and Bella Union. This year, 10 of 14 colleges, plus 10 Greek organizations participated in putting together Frontier Fiesta.

"It's been amazing. The shows were really good. Quality," said Andrea Villegas, the College of Technology's student council president. "It's a celebration of the university. Frontier Fiesta allows the colleges once a year to unite and celebrate."

Students and alumni from the technology school said they worked until three in the morning Thursday creating their authentic-looking Old West-style structure, where they dished up such foods as brisket, barbecued chicken, potato salad and lots of free beer. The cook-off team took third place in the chicken contest.

SA Senator David Frankfort and Senator-elect John Moore hosted a town hall meeting attended by UH President James Pickering, SA President-elect Angie Milner and other SA members. Frankfort said Frontier Fiesta provided a great opportunity for students and SA leaders to get together in an informal setting and discuss what students want from SA this year.

Over at the dunking booth, passersby could dunk Milner, Daily Cougar Editor in Chief Meagan McGovern and outgoing student regent Jeff Fuller. Dominic Lewinsohn, who lost to Milner for the SA presidency, said he relished the two times he dunked Milner.

"Frontier Fiesta is a great time for people to just let their hair down and have a good time," Milner said.

Lewinsohn said he prepared tons of food over at the Hilton College's booth, where they served fajitas, beans and a variety of down-home foods. The UH Hilton College of Hotel and Restaurant Management came in second in the chili contest and first in showmanship. The group also won the award for being most hospitable.

TKE took first place in the bean contest. The judges decided that the best chili makers were the cook-off team from the College of Business.

Over at the Golden Nugget, the Delta Zeta girls, dressed up in lingerie, were joined by Sigma Phi Epsilon boys in putting on a rousing performance called "The Chicken Ranch: The Best Little Escort Service In Texas." In one scene, Delta Zetas dressed in choir robes sang, "Stop that copulation. Texas has a whorehouse in it. Lord have mercy on us."

Jason Fuller, outgoing SA president and Sigma Phi Epsilon member, said, "I know that everyone who came out here thoroughly enjoyed themselves."

At the Bella Union, Sigma Chi's and Zeta Tau's put on a show called "When Greece meets West." With Zeta Tau girls dressed in tight short shorts and Sigma Chi's boys dressed in kicker outfits, the group clogged, Cotton-Eye Joed and two-stepped to a variety of songs from Greece and popular country songs.

Over at Rx Charlie's Pharmacy and fountain, students from the Pharmacy College built an old-fashioned soda shop booth storefront lined with liniments and tonics. People could also go over and sing karaoke with College of Education students at the L'il Red School. Education students also provided a free kiddie corral for parents to leave their kids until a bell rang for them to come pick them up.

"It was a full day of entertainment. You had food. You had shows. It was also like a reunion for the alumni who came out," Milner said.






Cougar News Service

The Texas Tech Red Raiders swept a three-game Southwest Conference series from the Houston Cougars 11-3, 11-4, 11-8 at Dan Law Field in Lubbock this weekend.

Houston had an 8-2 lead in the eighth inning of the third game, but Tech exploded for nine runs off five Cougar pitchers in the bottom of the inning.

Raider first baseman Saul Bustos had a three-run home run and Mitch King added a three-run double in the eighth.

Carlos Perez and J.J. Matzke provided the Cougars' offense as Perez hit two home runs and Matzke hit one.

Houston reliever Shane Buteaux (5-3) took the loss, while Eric Newman (3-2) received the win for Tech.

The Raiders got a pair of outstanding pitching performances in the series' first two games.

Jason Whittle (8-3) struck out 10 and allowed only six Cougar hits in a complete game in the first game of Saturday's doubleheader.

Whittle gave up home runs to Buteaux and Ricky Freeman, but cruised to an easy victory.

Ryan Nye tossed a complete game Friday as well, striking out nine and giving up nine hits and two walks.




Visit The Daily Cougar