|Wednesday, October 21, 1998||
Volume 64, Issue 42
Core Curriculum Discussed
|Study finds women
may be de-valuing their work
By Bill Chapin
EVANSTON, Ill. (U-WIRE) -- In the battle for equal pay for equal work, women may be their own worst enemies.
According to a study conducted by John Jost, an assistant professor of ogranizational behavior at Stanford University, women would pay themselves 18 percent less than men for the same amount of work.
The results of the 1997 study were nto significantly different from those obtained from similar studies in the 1960s and '70s.
The study was conducted at Yale University as part of Jost's doctoral dissertation in psychology. Jost asked 132 undergraduates to write an essay on shopping by computer. An independent panel then read the essays and could not differentiate them essays by gender.
Jost then asked the writers how much they would pay themselves for writing the essay. On average, the women named figures 18 percent lower than those given by the men. Jost refers to this as "depressed entitlement effect."
Jost said he does not feel the results are specific to Yale and that the study was done specifically to see how times had changed at schools across the country.
"It's a general problem everywhere that women are in fact underpaid and underrepresented at higher levels," Jost said.
Hilarie Lieb, a lecturer in the economics department at Northwestern University, said it would not surprise her to learn that women and minority groups undervalue themselves.
"When I talk to students who are seniors, I tell them it's very important to have a lot of information about the going market value of their productivity," said Lieb, who will soon be teaching a course on the economics of gender. "As a university, it's our job to help students do that."
Jost said the low number of tenured female faculty at Yale could be a least partially responsible for his findings. At 11 percent, Yale has the lowest percentage at the Ivy League schools.
"I think this (study) is a reaction to the unfortunate reality of inequality and discrmination," he said.
At UH, among the total number of faculty members, about 35 percent are female.
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